Defined: How India Earns Every Rupee And The place It Goes

For each rupee the federal government spends, 20 paise goes into compensation of debt, liabilities.

New Delhi:

For each rupee that the Authorities of India earns, 34 paise comes by means of borrowings and liabilities whereas Items and Providers Tax (GST) contributes 17 paise, the 2023 Union Finances reveals.

Earnings tax and company tax add 15 paise every to each one rupee the Centre earns every year, whereas Union Excise Obligation and Customs add seven and 4 paise respectively.

The remaining eight paise comes from non-tax receipts and non-debt capital receipts.

As per Union Finances 2023, the excellent inner and exterior debt, and different liabilities of the Centre are estimated at ₹1,69,46,666.85 crore for FY 2023-24. Alternatively, GST is estimated to rise by 12 per cent from ₹8,54,000 crore to ₹9,56,600 crore in 2023-24.


Earnings tax, which is paid by only a small fraction of India’s inhabitants, is anticipated to cross ₹9 lakh crore in 2023-24. Company tax, which is the tax levied on firms’ incomes, is anticipated to be at ₹9,22,675 crore by March 2024.

These two taxes together with the overall debt and liabilities contribute to 64 per cent of the federal government’s whole revenue, which stands at ₹45 lakh crore in 2023-24.

Non-tax income, which is estimated at ₹3,01,650 crore in 2023-24 – a rise of 15.2 per cent over the revised estimate of 2022-23 – provides six per cent to the Centre’s coffer. 

The place Does One Rupee Go?

The excessive share of debt and liabilities within the authorities’s yearly revenue, nevertheless, additionally signifies that curiosity funds represent 20 per cent of the expenditure in 2023-24.

In different phrases: For each rupee that the federal government spends, 20 paise goes into the compensation of debt and liabilities.

The second largest chunk of expenditure for the Centre is sharing the income earned from taxes and duties with the states – 18 per cent. The full quantity that can be shared with states stands at ₹10.21 lakh crore for the monetary yr 2023-24, which is 41 per cent of the overall internet proceeds of the sharable central taxes, as per the suggestions of the fifteenth Finance Fee.

The states of UP and Bihar will get practically 28 per cent of the overall share of central taxes and duties, as per the Union Finances 2023.


Central Sector Schemes (17 per cent) and Centrally Sponsored (9 per cent), that are 100 per cent Centre-funded and partially-funded by the Centre respectively, represent over one-fourth of the overall authorities spending. In a single-rupee phrases, 26 paise goes into these schemes.

Defence, which is the single-biggest sectoral expenditure in Indian finances, takes away eight paise of each one rupee the Centre spends. The defence finances in 2023 stands at ₹5.94 lakh crore, which is 13.2 per cent of the overall budgeted expenditure of the Centre.

Not less than seven paise will go into subsidies, one paise lower than 2022-23. Within the Union Finances, the Centre has reduce expenditure on meals, fertilisers and petroleum by 28 per cent, in comparison with the revised estimates for the continued monetary yr.

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